Together with dairy manufacturing, the meat business is now identified to account for 83% of agricultural land use and produces 18 per cent of greenhouse gases, together with methane and nitrous oxide. What’s extra, a research from the College of Oxford discovered that consuming a vegan weight loss plan might lower a person’s carbon footprint by as much as 74%, making it the one greatest means to assist the planet. It would like a no brainer, proper? Regardless of these statistics, meat options closely in cuisines from all all over the world and many people couldn’t think about life with out it. Fortunately, substitutes have grow to be more and more standard lately, notably these which emulate meat in style and texture. One thing much less well-known is lab-grown meat: right this moment, we’ll introduce you to Clarisse Beurrier of Animal Different Applied sciences, a agency primarily based in Cambridge, UK, which makes use of 3D printing to create cultured meat. To search out out extra about her motivations and ideas on the meat business because it stands, simply learn on.
3DN: May you introduce your self and clarify your hyperlink to 3D printing?
My title is Clarisse Beurrier and I’m the co-founder and CEO of Animal Different Applied sciences. We’re an engineering B2B startup primarily based within the College of Cambridge targeted on scaling up cultured meat for meals sustainability and safety. 3D Printing has an enormous function to play on this modern sector of Mobile Agriculture (this time period means making agricultural merchandise by rising cells as a substitute of elevating and slaughtering animals). At Animal Different Applied sciences, we already use 3D printing for a lot of functions as a result of it affords nice flexibility, particularly for speedy prototyping and the creation of customized components.
My hope is to make cultured meat manufacturing accessible to all, while leaving nobody behind on this race to reinvent meat. We’re creating scalable industrial processes for the main kinds of mammalian meats first processed kinds of meats after which structured like steaks, specializing in price discount.
3DN: What had been your motivations to discovered AAT?
Livestock is the most important land use on the planet, a serious supply of greenhouse gasoline emissions, and the largest supply of deforestation, water air pollution, demand for antibiotics, and new illnesses infections equivalent to swine flu. Cultured meat could be a sustainable, moral and secure various to animal husbandry. Nonetheless, there is no such thing as a commercially attainable manufacturing course of but. Moreover, there are excessive limitations to entry, equivalent to ~$100M and 5 years wanted for R&D that stop widespread adoption. AAT removes these limitations to entry by performing all needed R&D and providing pre-approved, end-to-end cultured meat manufacturing programs which might be additionally viable alternate options to bigger manufacturing unit farms.
And we imagine we can assist in an already present wider development of shifting away from meat. Take for instance the UK and France, each international locations have a excessive meat consumption (each over the advisable quantity), and meat has been an emblem of social standing and masculinity in each these international locations for a very long time. Nonetheless, within the final 20 years youthful generations are shifting away from meat consumption, citing environmental, moral and well being considerations. Consequently, there was a surge in various protein alternate options in the marketplace each from massive established gamers but additionally from new startups like HappyVore, and as a part of grocery store chains personal choices. Within the UK it appears that evidently there are extra ready-made choices, optimized for comfort, and bigger choices in white meats, whereas in France individuals historically eat extra crimson meats.
3DN: How does Animal Different Applied sciences use additive manufacturing?
At AAT we primarily use additive manufacturing to supply particular components for our bioreactor prototypes (machines much like beer fermenters that permit cells to be cultivated by giving them optimum circumstances, equivalent to temperature, oxygen, vitamins, and so forth.) . We’ve a staff of engineers and entry to specialised workshops as a result of the machines in the marketplace (even the smallest ones) price greater than 20,000 euros and are usually not made to supply cultured meat. They’re poorly tailored, not solely to the wants of the cells, but additionally of this new business which may solely succeed if the price of manufacturing is aggressive with the worth of standard meat (coming from the slaughterhouse). We additionally use it to print molds for supplies (crops or composites) that function a framework, the place the cells connect themselves to it and grow to be muscle/fats and to fabricate sure components of our biosensors.
3DN: Can 3D printing have an effect on the way in which we devour meat?
Due to its broad applicability, 3D printing can play a job in numerous features of different meat improvement and/or manufacturing. At AAT we primarily use 3D printing to construct customized components for classy meat manufacturing programs, whereas some plant-based meat firms like Novameat, for instance, use it to create higher meat textures and style. One other cultured meat startup, Aleph Farms, made a prototype ribeye by straight bioprinting stay cells. I’m additionally taken with seeing if bioprinting know-how can evolve and be a viable choice for at the very least a part of a large-scale cultured meat manufacturing course of, because it might improve our choices and suppleness. And but, these two applied sciences are so new and have a lot potential that it is just the start of a symbiotic relationship.
3DN: Who’re the customers? How do you assume this may change over time?
There was some preliminary market analysis on cultured meat’s potential prospects. They appear to be primarily conventional meat eaters, that are in flip extra prone to be middle-aged males with larger incomes. These prospects need the identical meat, they’re hooked up to the social customs and custom related to the merchandise and prioritize style above different elements. Specifically, the early adopters of cultured meat are individuals who like novelty and are in search of an edge. They’re interested in know-how and themselves exert some sort of technical management of their firms.
Cultured meats will initially be priced equally to natural meats and subsequently offered as a extra premium product. However because the know-how scales, the prices will be introduced down additional. In time, with a wider product vary and costs, I believe the classy meat business will be capable to appeal to a wider vary of buyer profiles, from totally different socio-economic teams, cultures, and so forth.
3DN: What are the issues that have to be accomplished to assist the acceptance of cultured meat among the many public?
I believe that, identical to for any new know-how, full disclosure and transparency is vital to individuals trusting the product. That is particularly necessary in our case, as we’re speaking about meals. The EU’s Novel Meals Regulation is a stringent course of that each cultured meat firm must undergo to be allowed to promote their merchandise within the EU, so customers will be assured of the very best requirements of high quality and security might be met. As cultured meat will almost certainly be priced at a premium in comparison with livestock meat, I believe additionally it is necessary for purchasers to know why and the way it compares by holding livestock meat to the identical requirements of transparency.
3DN: Any final phrases for our readers?
Thanks to your curiosity and curiosity on this discipline and we’d love to listen to from you! Do you could have different functions in thoughts for 3D bioprinting in foodtech? How would you sort out the challenges of scaling up cultured meat to be price aggressive with animal farmed meats? You could find out extra about Animal Different Expertise on our web site HERE or in our analysis HERE.
What do you consider the work of Animal Different Applied sciences (AAT) on cultured meat? Tell us in a remark under or on our LinkedIn, Fb, and Twitter pages! Don’t neglect to join our free weekly Publication right here, the most recent 3D printing information straight to your inbox! You may as well discover all our movies on our YouTube channel.
*All Photograph Credit: Animal Different Applied sciences/AAT